The most commonly discussed causes of hemorrhoids are straining when having a bowel movement or sitting too long on the toilet. Hemorrhoids are more likely to occur in the elderly as the tissue in the anal region becomes thinner and weaker, allowing veins to bulge. Those who are obese or pregnant may be at a higher risk for developing internal hemorrhoids due to the extra pressure being placed on the region. A low-fiber diet and chronic bowel problems may also lead to the development of hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids may go away on their own with a good diet, lots of fluids, exercise, and the use of special creams. It is important to avoid straining during a bowel movement. However, if no relief is seen in a week, medical treatment may be necessary. A physician with experience in treating hemorrhoids can provide options, which might include surgery or hemorrhoid banding.