Main Causes Attributed to This Condition
The exact cause of irritable bowel syndrome is currently unknown. Some of the factors that have been identified as playing a part in the development of IBS include a severe infection, bacterial changes in the gut, abnormalities in the nervous system, inflammation within the intestines, and muscle contractions in the large intestine. The symptoms of this condition can also be triggered by hormonal changes, an increase in stress levels, or certain types of food, the latter of which can include wheat and dairy products.
How This Syndrome Is Treated
Treatment for IBS focuses on relieving and properly managing the symptoms. Some of the lifestyle and diet changes that are commonly used for the management of symptoms include eating foods that are high in fiber, getting the right amount of sleep, exercising regularly, drinking lots of fluids, and avoiding any foods that trigger the main symptoms of IBS. If the problems resulting from IBS are moderate to severe, therapy may be recommended as a means of providing more structure to the affected individual. Certain medications may also be prescribed, which can include everything from tricyclic antidepressants to standard pain medications.