Symptoms of a Fistula
The more common symptoms associated with a fistula include those of redness, swelling in the anus, and pain, the latter of which could range from mild to severe. While these are the more common symptoms, some of the less common ones include bleeding, a high fever, urination or bowel movements that are painful, and the oozing of a foul-smelling liquid from the hole that was created by the fistula. No matter which of these symptoms you experience, it's important that you contact a doctor immediately to lessen the complications that occur.
How a Fistula Is Treated
The only treatment option for a fistula is surgery, which will usually be performed by an anorectal surgeon. If the fistula isn't located in an area that's too close to the anus, some of the muscle and skin that surrounds the tunnel will be cut open in order to allow the fistula to properly heal. It's also possible for a small tube that's referred to as a seton to be positioned in the opening. The placement of this tube allows liquid to be drained from the infection before the surgery is set to take place. The sphincter muscles within your anus could also be cut during the surgery as a means of correcting the problem.