Diagnosis of Crohn's disease often begins with blood tests, to look for common signs associatedwi th the disease. In particular, patients with Crohn's frequently present with anemia, infection, or hidden blood in the stool.
A true diagnoses depends on more thorough procedures, however. One or more of these may be required to confirm your condition:
- Colonoscopy. Direct observation and sampling of your colon using a camera on a long, thin tube. Biopsy of affected tissues, collected in this way, is the definitive diagnostic criteria for Crohn's disease.
- Capsule endoscopy. Observation of your small intestine via a small swallowed camera.
- CT scan. Advanced X-ray imagine of your digestive system.
- MRI. Magnetic imagine used to evaluate specific symptoms of Crohn's disease in the small intestine or near the anus.
- Balloon-assisted enteroscopy. A technique used to observe portions of your digestive system which other endoscopic procedures struggle to observe.
Crohn's cannot be cured, currently, but there are several treatment options which can minimize symptoms or force the disease into remission.
- Anti-inflammatory medications.
- Immune suppressants.
- Symptom-specific medications.
- Dietary management.
- Intravenous feeding to rest the bowels.
- Surgical removal of damaged tissues.
The extent of treatment necessary and success in causing remission will vary from case to case.